Samuel ben Avigdor

(1720-93)
   Lithuanian rabbi. Between 1719 and 1746 he served as rabbi of Pruzhany, Zelwa, Volkovysk and Ruzhany. In 1750 he became rabbi of Vilna, succeeding his father-in-law, Judah ben Eliezer. In 1777 the community decided to remove him from office because he was suspected of nepotism, but a compromise was reached. In 1782 the controversy broke out again, and the dispute was brought before Jewish and gentile courts. Samuel ben Avigdor was dismissed from his post and Vilna was left without a rabbi. He was an ardent opponent of Hasidism.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • SAMUEL BEN AVIGDOR — (1720–1793), Lithuanian rabbi. Samuel b. Avigdor was Vilna s last official rabbi. His father, Avigdor b. Samuel (d. 1771) was nicknamed Ḥarif ( the sharp one ). Between 1719 and 1746 he served as rabbi of Pruzhany, Zelwa, Volkovysk, and Ruzhany.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CALAHORRA, ISRAEL SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON — (?1560–1640), Polish talmudist. Calahorra, who was a man of means, lived in Cracow where he maintained his own bet midrash although never accepting a rabbinical office. His only published work is Yismaḥ Yisrael (Cracow, 1626; Hamburg, 1686), a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Avigdor (name) — Avigdor ( he. אביגדור, also Abigdor, Awigdor ) is Hebrew given name. Figdor, Viktor, Victor are Europeanised forms. Avigdora is the female form.Given names*Avigdor Arikha *Abigdor Cohen ben Elijah of Vienna *Avigdor Dagan *Avigdor Eskin *Avigdor… …   Wikipedia

  • AVIGDOR BEN ELIJAH HA-KOHEN — (c. 1200–1275), talmudic scholar in Italy and Austria. Avigdor was born in Italy and studied under Eleazar b. Samuel of Verona, Isaac of Verona, and later Simḥah b. Samuel of Speyer. For a number of years Avigdor lived in northern Italy in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mordekhaï ben Hillel — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JUDAH BEN ELIEZER — (known as Yesod, the Heb. initials of Yehudah Safra ve Dayyan; scribe of the bet din, lit. judge ) d. 1762, Lithuanian talmudist, communal worker, and philanthropist. Judah was born in Vilna where he served as communal secretary, dayyan, and for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moïse ben Shem Tov ibn Habib —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Moïse de León ni Moïse ben Salomon ibn Habib …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ELIEZER BEN SAMUEL OF VERONA — (early 13th century), Italian tosafist. Eliezer was a pupil of Isaac b. Samuel of Dampierre (Roke aḥ 377) and the teacher of avigdor b. elijah Kohen Ẓedek of Vienna. He was a colleague of eleazar b. judah of Worms and of Abraham b. Moses of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SIMḤAH BEN SAMUEL OF SPEYER — (second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century), German scholar. He may have been a descendant of Judah ha Kohen, author of the Sefer ha Dinim (see Aptowitzer). Simḥah was one of the rabbis and dayyanim of the Speyer bet din… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HEILBRONN, JACOB BEN ELHANAN — (16th century), rabbi and mathematician. Born in Italy, Heilbronn studied in Prague and traveled through various German and Italian cities, earning his livelihood from teaching. For some time he was employed as a tutor to the children of Nehemiah …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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